Political PartiesSocial Democratic PartyNational Liberal PartyDemocratic PartyGreater Romania PartyDemocratic Union of Hungarians in RomaniaConservative Party
Romania is parliamentary republic. The president appoints the prime minister. The president is elected by popular vote, and resides at Cotroceni Palace. Since the constitutional amendment of 2003, the president's term is five years (previously it was four). The Romanian Government, which is based at Victoria Palace, is headed by a prime minister, who appoints the other members of his or her cabinet and who is nearly always the head of the party or coalition that holds a majority in the parliament. If, however, none of the parties hold 50% + 1 of the total seats in parliament, the president will appoint the prime minister. Before beginning its term, the government is subject to a parliamentary vote of approval. The legislative branch of the government and consists of two chambers – the Senate, which has 137 members, and the Chamber of Deputies, which has 332 members. The members of both chambers are elected every four years under a system of party-list proportional representation.
The justice system is independent of the other branches of government, and is made up of a hierarchical system of courts culminating in the High Court of Cassation and Justice, which is the supreme court of Romania..The Romanian judicial system is strongly influenced by the French model, considering that it is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature.
Members of the European People’s Party
- Democratic Party
The Democratic Party is a young, innovative, pragmatic and modern party, promoting justice, solidarity and political pluralism, a party that defends independence and territorial integrity and the principles of constitutional democracy. Under the administration of Traian Basescu, the Democratic Party gradually became more and more active, turning into one of the most important Romanian political parties. Shortly, at the end of 2004, Traian Basescu was elected President of Romania and Emil Boc, the Mayor of Cluj, became the president of the Democratic Party. Currently, the Democratic Party is the most powerful political force in the coalition, with a large number of representatives in the Romanian Government. The centre right Democratic Party joined the European Popular Party in September 2005 and starting from 1st of January 2007, along with Romania’s European Union accession, the Democratic Party received full membership to the European Popular Party.
For more information see: //www.pd.ro
- Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség
The RMDSZ, as its name (Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania - DAHR) clearly indicates, is an alliance representing the interests of the Hungarian community in Romania. Hungarians are estimated to be the largest minority community in Europe dispersed amongst most of the countries of Central Europe. According to the 2002 census there are 1,431,807 Hungarians living in Romania - mainly in Transylvania - representing 6.6% of the population.
After the 2004 parliamentary elections, the RMDSZ became member of the government coalition for the second time (after 1996-2000).
Béla MARKÓ, the President of RMDSZ is at present Deputy Prime-minister, Coordinating the Domains of Culture, Education and European Integration. Besides that, RMDSZ is holding three ministers: Zsolt NAGY – Minister for Communications and Information Technology, László BORBÉLY – Minister Delegate for the Coordination of Public Works and Territory Management, and Iuliu WINKLER – Minister Delegate for Commerce, in the Romanian Government. A further 9 State Secretaries are members of RMDSZ.
At the 2004 local elections the RMDSZ obtained results that show its weight in Romania’s political life as 186 mayors, 250 deputy mayors, 2481 local counselors and 112 county counselors obtained seats
By taking part in the local administration, in Parliament (10 Senators – 7.3%, and 22 MPs – 6.6%) and in the government coalition, the RMDSZ assumes an important role in strengthening Romania’s democratic institutional system, in implementing general economic and social reforms and in finishing preparations for European integration.
Founded in December 1989, the RMDSZ was EUCD Observer party and was accorded EPP Observer status in March 1998. The RMDSZ is an EPP Associate Member since October 1999.
For more information see: //www.rmdsz.ro
- Partidul National Taranesc Crestin Democrat
In crisis since the November 2000 elections, the party chairman Andrei MARGA resigned on July 6, 2001 and was succeeded by former prime minister (1996 - 98) Victor CIORBEA. The staunchly pro-European PNTCD had been the largest element of the Democratic Convention of Romania (CDR), the coalition in which it entered the November 1996 elections. But the government collapsed in the elections of November 26, 2000, plunging the country into fresh political uncertainty following the success of former Communists and far-right nationalists. The National Peasants Party was formed in 1926 by the fusion of the National Romanian Party from Transylvania and the Peasants Party. It was in power with some interruptions between 1928 and 1933. Many thousands of party members were imprisoned when the party was banned by the Communists in 1947, and both the party leader Iuliu MANIU and his deputy Ion MIHALACHE died in jail. In December 1989, the party became the first to register after the fall of CEAUÇESCU in December 1989. It changed its name to National Peasant Christian Democratic Party (PNTCD). At the height of the dictatorship, the legendary party leader Corneliu COPOSU secretly arranged membership of the CDI. Share of the vote:November 2000 - "CDR 200" Democratic Convention 2000 - 5%. In 2005, it re-named itself Partidul Popular Crestin Democrat – PPCD.
For more information see: //www.ppcd.ro/ Projects and activities
Romania/Konrad Adenauer Foundation
Project: two seminars for Christian democratic youth from Moldova (November and December 2005)
EFF Trainers: Jeroen de Graaf, Gijs Weenink, Frank Pynenburg, and Wim van Eijk
At present, only one Romanian political party is officially affiliated with the EPP: the PPCD. The PPCD is not represented in Romania's Parliament. The EFF and the PPCD did not organise any activities in the last two years. Traditionally, many Moldovan youth study in Romania. Many members of the Moldovan Christian Democratic Party - CDPP - (members of the "Noua Generation", Moldova's largest youth organisation) study in Romania and once in a while organise events and training courses. Although their status is unofficial, they do try and follow the same training courses as their friends in Moldova. The EFF and KAS organised two training courses for Moldovan youth living and studying in Romania. These students had indicated that they would like to learn more about Christian democracy. The following topics were addressed:
- Why Christian Democracy?
- How do basic values from other political ideologues differ from ours?
- How are differences between political programmes of parties determined by the fundamentally different visions on the role and status of human beings within society?
- Christian democratic developments in the Netherlands.